MUC1-C inhibitor formulated in Nanoparticles
Clinical Cancer Research , 2015; 21(10):2338-2347; Hasegawa M, Sinha RK, Kumar M, Alam M, Yin L, Raina D, Kharbanda A, Panchamoorthy G, Gupta D, Singh H, Kharbanda S, and Kufe D.
click to see abstract
The MUC1-C oncoprotein is an intracellular target that is druggable with cell-penetrating peptide inhibitors. However, development of peptidyl drugs for treating cancer has been a challenge because of unfavorable pharmacokinetic parameters and limited cell-penetrating capabilities.
Encapsulation of the MUC1-C inhibitor GO-203 in novel polymeric nanoparticles was studied for effects on intracellular targeting of MUC1-C signaling and function.
Our results show that loading GO-203 into tetrablock polylactic acid (PLA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-polypropylene glycol (PPG)-PEG copolymers is achievable and, notably, is enhanced by increasing PEG chain length. In addition, we found that release of GO-203 from these nanoparticles is controllable over at least 7 days. GO-203/nanoparticle treatment of MUC1-C-positive breast and lung cancer cells in vitro was more active with less frequent dosing than that achieved with nonencapsulated GO-203. Moreover, treatment with GO-203/nanoparticles blocked MUC1-C homodimerization, consistent with on-target effects. GO-203/nanoparticle treatment was also effective in downregulating TIGAR, disrupting redox balance, and inhibiting the self-renewal capacity of cancer cells. Significantly, weekly administration of GO-203/nanoparticles to mice bearing syngeneic or xenograft tumors was associated with regressions that were comparable with those found when dosing on a daily basis with GO-203.
These findings thus define an effective approach for (i) sustained administration of GO-203 in polymeric PLA-(PEG-PPG-PEG) nanoparticles to target MUC1-C in cancer cells and (ii) the potential delivery of other anticancer peptide drugs.